The Faculty of Architecture of the Estonian Academy of Arts is the most important competence centre of the field of architecture in Estonia, encompassing the research of architecture, interior architecture, urban design, furniture design, landscape architecture and urban studies.
The research work of the Faculty of Architecture is divided into two major areas. The first focuses on the history, theory and philosophy of spatial design relying primarily on the methodology of the history of architecture and philosophy. The second concentrates on the practice of the specialties of spatial design that are studied by the means of the given field. The practice-based research is further divided into two approaches:
1) Creative practice research founded on the new knowledge and original problems that stem from the work of an (architecture) office and thus require a well-functioning practice.
2) Research by design with research forming an integral part of a particular creative process resulting in a creative product with the respective processes, novel research topics and solutions.
The Faculty of Architecture also conducts technology-based applied research based on the links between information technology and spatial environments and their respective sustainability. This includes contemporary production technologies, information interfaces, sensors and geodesign on the urban and regional scale.